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By: John B. Holbrook, II & Dennis Kanagie

After having spent the morning of October 30th touring the NAWCC Museum (click here to read the photo tour) Dennis "ulackfocus" Kanagie and I grabbed a quick lunch at a local diner, then headed over to the RGM Watch Company Headquarters in Mount Joy, PA:

We went inside and were greeted by none other than Roland Murphy himself, the owner and founder of RGM. Here's a photo of Dennis with Roland.

Roland is a 1986 graduate of the WOSTEP program in Switzerland, having previously studied watchmaking at Bowman school in Lancaster, PA. - only a short distance from where RGM is headquartered today. RGM, introduced its first watch in 1993 and has been steadily growing ever since, garnering every increasing respect for their dedication to classical watchmaking, and for their capabilities to do custom work. Roland has a strong passion for American Watchmaking, and RGM has the distinction of being the last remaining American watch manufacturer (thanks to advent of the entirely in-house designed RGM Caliber 801, which is the first American made caliber in over 35 years). Roland is continually striving to bring more and more of his production in house and rely less on Switzerland for components.

Roland and RGM also specialize in the art of engine turning - a centuries-old craft that, today, involves the use of antique machines (called a rose engine) to engrave delicate patterns on metal watch components. Also known as guilloch茅, this particular decorative style was made most famous by the Breguet.

Here's a copy of one of the only know books on the art of engine turning techniques which Roland owns - it was a very small publication run, and quite valuable to collectors:

Roland has invested in several rose engine machines he's purchased and restored from around the world (mostly from Switzerland and German) which allow him to produce engine turned dials, cases, and even on movement components. Engine turning is as much of an art as it is a science - and very much a lost art in the United States. In fact, Roland had no idea how to operate the first rose engine machine he acquired - it took him several years of accumulated training time he spent with masters in engine turning both in Europe and in the US to get a basic foundation of expertise.

Here's some photos of the engine turning machines in RGM's workshop floor which Roland uses to create his masterpieces:

The heart of the rose engine machine are these round plates called rosettes:

The rosettes can be configured in a nearly endless combination to create the repeating patterns which get cut into the surface of the part being engraved. But the machine operator must rely on expertise learned through practice to develop the "touch" for how much pressure to apply, and the speed at which to turn.

Here's some examples of engine turned dials:

This dial didn't quite pass RGM's quality standards, but it gives you an idea of what a finished product looks like:

Personally, I think RGM's "reject" dials look better than the 1st quality production of many watch manufacturers.

Roland actually gave us a demonstration on how the engine turning machine works:

For more information on the subject of engine turning, please click here.

Here's a photo of RGM's Richard Baugh operating a "Plant" Straight Line Machine" - often used for dial decoration:

Anyone familiar with RGM products knows the company takes great pride in embellishing the movements in their watches. Here we see a small machine that RGM uses to apply C么tes de Gen猫ve or Geneva stripes:

RGM is striving to pull more and more aspects of their watch production "in house" and has begun manufacturing the cases for the RGM Series 151 - a 38.5mm case:

Here's a couple of cases and case backs ready to be polished:

And here's some finished products:

With the RGM series 151 case production successfully now done in house, RGM will soon be producing the series 801 cases in house as well. Click here to read more about RGM's case production.

Once all components are either manufactured at RGM's facility or received from suppliers, watches are assembled. Here's some components from various RGM models ready for assembly:

One of RGM's biggest strengths lies in their willingness and capability to do customization work for their clients, literally creating one of a kind masterpieces. Here's a photo of Roland's personal watch he was wearing during our tour - a 151 Series:

Check out the custom gold rotor on the movement:

Here we see a modified Hamilton Caliber 921 that RGM uses in their Signature series models:

An example of the fabulous RGM caliber 801 designed and manufactured by RGM Watches - Roland Murphy's crowning achievement to date:

Roland gave us a sneek peak at some new in-house projects he has in the pipeline, but Dennis and I were sworn to secrecy. :)

In addition to manufacturing RGM Watches, RGM also provides maintenance, repair, and restoration services for mechanical watches of all varieties. They're an authorized service and repair center for some luxury watch brands which cannot be disclosed.

All too soon our time with Roland Murphy and RGM Watches came to come to a close as I had to catch my flight back to Dayton, and Dennis had drive back to New Jersey. On behalf of myself and everyone in the WATCH TALK FORUMS Community, I'd like to thank Roland Murphy and RGM Watches for the time spent with Dennis and I. It was absolutely fascinating, and extremely educational. For more information on RGM Watches and their products, please visit their website at

**Photos & Text Copyright 2009 WATCH TALK FORUMS. No part of this report can be reproduced outside of WATCH TALK FORUMS without the expressed permission of John B. Holbrook, II.

7,431 Posts
Fascinating tour. Definitely opened my yes big time when it comes to RGM.
Without any doubt - I would love to own one of their pieces, or better yet....I would
love to have them make a custom case and dial for a 'one-off' custom watch someday
for a very spacial caliber that I would source myself.

1,078 Posts
Very interesting information about RGM and great pictures. These interesting articles and the knowledgeable and helpful people at WTF is what makes this forum my favorite.

Thanks for another first rate photo tour.

554 Posts
i try not to post 'oooo' and 'ahhhh' messages, but...



i have never considered buying a new watch. not when i can get the kind of quality one can find in a 75 year old Hamilton. but looking at that 801 has me reconsidering that stance.

1,360 Posts
WOW, I'm impressed.
And those engine turning machines are very interesting, considering they are all mechanical.

I'm so accustomed to the CNC machines. . . . I think our last manual engraving machine was carted out of the building 10 or 12 years ago.

We'd use our engraving machine, which was more like a panograph instead of those engine turning machines, to engrave the small lettering seen on the consumer side of easy open containers. We've switched to all CNC equipment now days. We also use laser engravers to inscript identifiaction onto parts. . . We have several "swiss turn lathes" such as "Citizen" brand and "Star" brand to create very small screw's (we manufature orthopedic implants aslo , ie "bone screws")

Those engine turning machines look like a small delicate Hardinge lathe with "cam's" . . .. I'd say those cams transfer the motion through a stylus type finger - to the cutting insert, similar to an old panograph engraving machine. The cam's looked to be made from brass, an easy to machine meterial, easy to create different patterns on.

I'm wondering what type of insert they use? Borazon? Diamond? Carbide? H.S.S?
Here's a tiny borazon insert that I use with a Mitsubishi CNC lathe, except I'm not creating
delicate patterns on watch dials.

Very interesting, and the resulting dial's are classic looking.


1,824 Posts
There is little doubt that these guys from RGM are master craftsman.

They are helping to keep alive a long lost tradtion of handmade watchmaking. And the results are really stunning! I had given-up on new watches and went vintage awhile ago, but I see some real classic looking beauties from this company that I would be proud to wear. Those dials have to be the nicest dials I have ever laid my eyes on. And I'm pretty impressed with those huge mechanical lathes that can make such intricate and delicate engravings in something as small and fragile as a watch dial. Amazing!

From the look's of these watches, I think they can easily compete with the worlds best!

Great job on the tour guys! It's a glimpse into a world that not many people ever get to see...:thumbup1:

262 Posts
I have been saving for a rather expensive Swiss watch. I am now considering buying one of these instead. It would mean a lot to wear such a quality product that is made in the USA.
I am not too far from Lancaster, I wonder if I could pick up my watch at the factory and wear it home, like when buying a Porsche(or a little kid getting new sneakers).
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1,824 Posts
I have been saving for a rather expensive Swiss watch. I am now considering buying one of these instead. It would mean a lot to wear such a quality product that is made in the USA.
Yeah, I think once people get a look at these beautiful watches, it will get quite a few people thinking like that...:)

I am not too far from Lancaster, I wonder if I could pick up my watch at the factory and wear it home, like when buying a Porsche(or a little kid getting new sneakers).
It would make for a heck of a great road trip, wouldn't it?!:thumbup:
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