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A Factory Photo Tour of The RGM Watch Company>>>>>>

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Published on 10-30-2009 10:53 AM

Number of Views: 6097

By: John B. Holbrook, II & Dennis Kanagie

After having spent the morning of October 30th touring the NAWCC Museum (click here to read the photo tour) Dennis "ulackfocus" Kanagie and I grabbed a quick lunch at a local diner, then headed over to the RGM Watch Company Headquarters in Mount Joy, PA:

Window Plant Building Sky Door

Property Clock Brickwork Fixture Facade

We went inside and were greeted by none other than Roland Murphy himself, the owner and founder of RGM. Here's a photo of Dennis with Roland.

Jeans Automotive design Workwear Engineering Machine

Roland is a 1986 graduate of the WOSTEP program in Switzerland, having previously studied watchmaking at Bowman school in Lancaster, PA. - only a short distance from where RGM is headquartered today. RGM, introduced its first watch in 1993 and has been steadily growing ever since, garnering every increasing respect for their dedication to classical watchmaking, and for their capabilities to do custom work. Roland has a strong passion for American Watchmaking, and RGM has the distinction of being the last remaining American watch manufacturer (thanks to advent of the entirely in-house designed RGM Caliber 801, which is the first American made caliber in over 35 years). Roland is continually striving to bring more and more of his production in house and rely less on Switzerland for components.

Roland and RGM also specialize in the art of engine turning - a centuries-old craft that, today, involves the use of antique machines (called a rose engine) to engrave delicate patterns on metal watch components. Also known as guilloché, this particular decorative style was made most famous by the Breguet.

Here's a copy of one of the only know books on the art of engine turning techniques which Roland owns - it was a very small publication run, and quite valuable to collectors:

Publication Font Table Rectangle Box

Roland has invested in several rose engine machines he's purchased and restored from around the world (mostly from Switzerland and German) which allow him to produce engine turned dials, cases, and even on movement components. Engine turning is as much of an art as it is a science - and very much a lost art in the United States. In fact, Roland had no idea how to operate the first rose engine machine he acquired - it took him several years of accumulated training time he spent with masters in engine turning both in Europe and in the US to get a basic foundation of expertise.

Here's some photos of the engine turning machines in RGM's workshop floor which Roland uses to create his masterpieces:

Exercise machine Wheel Motor vehicle Exercise equipment Automotive tire

Automotive design Sewing machine Motor vehicle Engineering Toolroom

Motor vehicle Automotive tire Automotive design Machine tool Wheel

The heart of the rose engine machine are these round plates called rosettes:

Automotive tire Motor vehicle Camera lens Automotive design Machine tool

The rosettes can be configured in a nearly endless combination to create the repeating patterns which get cut into the surface of the part being engraved. But the machine operator must rely on expertise learned through practice to develop the "touch" for how much pressure to apply, and the speed at which to turn.

Here's some examples of engine turned dials:

Silver Motor vehicle Automotive design Coin Automotive tire

This dial didn't quite pass RGM's quality standards, but it gives you an idea of what a finished product looks like:

Finger Nickel Circuit component Circle Font

Personally, I think RGM's "reject" dials look better than the 1st quality production of many watch manufacturers.

Roland actually gave us a demonstration on how the engine turning machine works:

Glasses Metalworking Engineer Mechanic Motor vehicle

Automotive lighting Motor vehicle Automotive tire Automotive design Gas

Motor vehicle Bicycle part Gas Engineering Machine tool

Saving Dishware Coin Serveware Money handling

For more information on the subject of engine turning, please click here.

Here's a photo of RGM's Richard Baugh operating a "Plant" Straight Line Machine" - often used for dial decoration:

Engineering Machine tool Scientific instrument Workwear Science

Typewriter Motor vehicle Automotive design Office equipment Engineering

Anyone familiar with RGM products knows the company takes great pride in embellishing the movements in their watches. Here we see a small machine that RGM uses to apply Côtes de Genève or Geneva stripes:

Microscope Table Scientific instrument Engineering Videographer

Machine tool Gas Engineering Scientific instrument Machine

Gold Wood Gas Circle Metal

Font Fashion accessory Metal Number Symbol

RGM is striving to pull more and more aspects of their watch production "in house" and has begun manufacturing the cases for the RGM Series 151 - a 38.5mm case:

Automotive design Motor vehicle Automotive tire Engineering Gas

Here's a couple of cases and case backs ready to be polished:

Wood Font Material property Gas Hand tool

And here's some finished products:

Hand Finger Thumb Automotive tire Wrist

With the RGM series 151 case production successfully now done in house, RGM will soon be producing the series 801 cases in house as well. Click here to read more about RGM's case production.

Once all components are either manufactured at RGM's facility or received from suppliers, watches are assembled. Here's some components from various RGM models ready for assembly:

Watch Automotive lighting Analog watch Silver Font

Automotive lighting Circle Jewellery Auto part Plastic

Dishware Table Tableware Gas Electronic device

Rim Nickel Circle Aluminium Auto part

One of RGM's biggest strengths lies in their willingness and capability to do customization work for their clients, literally creating one of a kind masterpieces. Here's a photo of Roland's personal watch he was wearing during our tour - a 151 Series:

Watch Finger Gesture Analog watch Thumb

Check out the custom gold rotor on the movement:

Watch Analog watch Flash photography Clock Font

Here we see a modified Hamilton Caliber 921 that RGM uses in their Signature series models:

Natural material Silver Rectangle Jewellery Metal

An example of the fabulous RGM caliber 801 designed and manufactured by RGM Watches - Roland Murphy's crowning achievement to date:

Watch Analog watch Clock Watch accessory Nickel

Roland gave us a sneek peak at some new in-house projects he has in the pipeline, but Dennis and I were sworn to secrecy. :)

In addition to manufacturing RGM Watches, RGM also provides maintenance, repair, and restoration services for mechanical watches of all varieties. They're an authorized service and repair center for some luxury watch brands which cannot be disclosed.

Picture frame Office equipment Door Artist Engineering

All too soon our time with Roland Murphy and RGM Watches came to come to a close as I had to catch my flight back to Dayton, and Dennis had drive back to New Jersey. On behalf of myself and everyone in the WATCH TALK FORUMS Community, I'd like to thank Roland Murphy and RGM Watches for the time spent with Dennis and I. It was absolutely fascinating, and extremely educational. For more information on RGM Watches and their products, please visit their website at

Font Circle Metal Pattern Auto part

**Photos & Text Copyright 2009 WATCH TALK FORUMS. No part of this report can be reproduced outside of WATCH TALK FORUMS without the expressed permission of John B. Holbrook, II.

This article was originally published in forum thread:

A Factory Photo Tour of The RGM Watch Company>>>>>>
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